An IVF procedure with the help of donor eggs is an effective option for individuals who have struggled with getting pregnant on their own as the result of infertility or in the case of a same sex couple in which neither partner produces eggs. Many couples in positions similar to yours have gotten pregnant this way.
According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, a donor-egg IVF has the highest success rates of any treatment, with 52% of women showing positive results nationally. No matter whose egg or whose uterus, both must fit certain criteria to produce a successful pregnancy.
Awareness of the health of the bodies involved is always the most important piece when it comes to achieving your goal of conceiving. Thankfully, when looking for your donor, you and your doctor will be able to investigate all of the necessary details in order to find the ideal candidate for you.
Are Donor Eggs Right For You?
Initially, the primary candidates seeking out donor eggs typically were those suffering from premature ovarian failure (women with menopause before the age of 40). Also women over 40 will opt for this approach, as their eggs have grown older and less likely to become fertilized. In more recent years, new or unique situations have been discovered for women struggling with infertility and ovarian dysfunction.
If you find yourself in this position, or have attempted IVF without using donor eggs and had no success, this could be a promising next step for you. In order to have a clearer idea if this is the approach you want to take, talk over your options and the necessary exams you will need to undergo with your doctor.
Taking Necessary Measures
There are tests that you and the donor will need to take in order to increase the probability that the treatment will be a success. These test will ensure both of your bodies are in proper condition to undergo the procedures involved with IVF. As a woman using eggs from a donor, you should be evaluated based on your medical history and physical well being. Any eccentricities existing in your system will need to be caught first in order to eliminate any possible interference with the transfer and your bodies acceptance of the egg.
These tests usually consist of:
- Testing for sexually transmitted diseases (such as chlamydia)
- Saline sonogram or hysterosonogram to examine the uterine cavity
There are also tests that may be done to examine the uterus and it’s capability for handling the embryo transfer. Besides your examinations, the donor is required to receive tests as well before being approved to any fertility clinic. Clinics should present you with the donor’s profile which should include their health, emotional status, family health history, education, and more.
The donor should:
- Preferably be at an age younger than 35,
- Be able to provide lab evidence of normal ovarian reserve,
- Have tests results proving they are clear of sexually transmitted disease,
- Have no indication of impaired fertility, and
- Have genetic screening and blood tests done based on their family history.
Your likelihood of success increases exponentially if your donor has “passed” all of these criteria.
Preparation varies depending upon your situation. Your uterus will need to be prepared for IVF using estrogen and progesterone if you have developed premature menopause or your ovaries do not function properly. If your ovarian function is unimpaired, you will still need estrogen and progesterone treatments in order to synchronize you and your egg donors cycles.
This preparation process using estrogen usually takes about 2 weeks. The timing of the transfer will be based on your cycle. If for some reason your body unexpectedly begins to ovulate before the embryo transfer, your eggs will have to be frozen and used in a future cycle. You will then ingest progesterone the day of or the day before the transfer occurs.
Be sure to choose your fertility clinic carefully. It’s always wise to check success rates and ask your doctor to help you interpret statistics. It is important that the fertility clinic you choose feels right to you and your partner. This will help keep you healthy and your stress level to a minimum. Along with this be sure to eat well, exercise, and avoid unhealthy habits (such as smoking tobacco or heavily consuming alcohol) to be keep your entire being working properly which will assist in the success of a healthy pregnancy.
Risks To Be Aware Of
As the recipient, you will not need to undergo the invasive procedures in IVF such as ovarian stimulation or egg retrieval. This keeps you safe from the most common risks associated with this IVF. The primary risk as the recipient is multiple pregnancy and the health risks that can result from there. This is why the number of embryos being transferred should be very carefully considered by you and your doctor.
The most important thing is that you, your partner, and everyone else involved remains on the same page. Continue to receive check ups with your doctor during and after the procedure - you can never be too careful. As long as you are confident you are working with people you can trust, using donor eggs with IVF has proven to be very successful and a promising option for those in need.