Nearly four decades ago, when the first baby conceived via in vitro fertilization (IVF) was born, the infertility community hailed the development as a miracle. Skeptics called the child a “test tube baby,” or sounded alarm bells that IVF would eventually remove the need to reproduce in the traditional way. Forty years later, IVF treatment is safer, more effective, and more affordable than it has ever been -- and couples still haven't given up on making babies the old-fashioned way.
TV host Giuliana Rancic has long been open about her struggles with infertility. In 2011, she announced that she would be fighting an even more difficult battle -- this time with breast cancer.
Rancic's own doctor even refused to continue her fertility treatments, citing concerns that high doses of hormones involved in the treatments could speed the growth of her cancer.
The news re-triggered a longstanding debate within the reproductive health community:Does in vitro fertilization (IVF) increase the risk of ovarian, breast, and other reproductive cancers?