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Houston Fertility Journal

    Can an Abortion Cause Infertility?

    June 9, 2017 / by Center of Reproductive Medicine   

    Center of Reproductive Medicine


    It is common for women to have abortions with the hope to conceive later on in life when their situation is more stable. Still, the procedure is an invasive one and it is understandable that that fact may create worry about what the effects might be. If you have had one or more abortions in your life and are now concerned about experiencing infertility, it is natural to attribute any complications that you experience to those choices long ago.

    However, there is currently no evidence that surgical or medical abortions cause infertility. Especially if the procedure was done by a professional in a safe setting, then it should not cause any harm to your ability to conceive when the time is right. If the procedure does involve some complications however, there is a possibility for a last effecting on your reproductive organs.

    If you are concerned that this might be the case for you, your best course of action is to seek out a fertility specialist to acquire the most accurate information on your condition. Before you do so or continue to look around online, read further for what you need to know about abortion and infertility.

    Medical and Surgical Abortions

    There are two types of abortions that one can have.

    1. Medical abortions require the consumption of medication in order to carry out the abortion. This should have absolutely no affect on a person’s reproductive organs.
    2. Surgical abortions include some type of surgical instrument that is inserted into the cervix during the procedure.

    In either case, a woman should monitor her temperature and follow up with her practitioner after the abortion to ensure that there are no signs of infection.

    Abortion & Infertility

    Any invasive medical procedure holds the risk of causing harm to a person’s body. The most worrisome issue that can develop after a procedure such as this would be the development of a postoperative infection. In other cases, if a woman has more than one abortion it is possible for scar tissue to develop on top of the cervix or within the uterus. Multiple abortions could also weaken the cervix which would make it difficult to sustain a pregnancy. Lastly, abortions tend to cause a great deal of emotional stress. If a woman has been greatly affected emotionally, this can cause the body to reject a pregnancy.

    Complications That May Occur

    Possible contributors to infertility from abortion include:

    Fetal tissue damage: A first trimester abortion, also known as an incomplete abortion, may leave some fetal tissue in the uterus. This tissue can lead to an infection that could cause permanent damage to the fetal organs.

    Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID): All women are at risk of PID following an abortion. This is when the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries become inflamed. If this occurs, it does create a risk for damage to the reproductive organs.

    2nd or 3rd Trimester Abortion: 90% of abortions are done within the 1st trimester of a pregnancy. In the case of a procedure being done during the 2nd or 3rd trimester, a material called Laminaria must be used in order to dilate the cervix. It is possible that this material could weaken the cervix and result in infertility.

    Signs of Infertility in Women

    If you are worried that an abortion has resulted in your infertility, there are some signs that may indicate this as a possibility. Some signs of infertility in women are:

    • irregular periods
    • painful or heavy periods
    • hormonal fluctuations (skin issues, lowered sex drive, facial hair, thinning hair, weight gain)
    • pain during intercourse

    Seek a Professional Opinion

    When considering issues regarding abortion and infertility, the best thing to do is to talk to a certified medical practitioner. You may be experiencing some signs or discomfort, but this could mean many things. Do not spend anymore time making assumptions; talk to someone who can give you real answers. If you need help finding a fertility clinic, read reviews online and reach out to them to see what kind of responses you get. If you feel like it is a positive correspondence, set up an appointment and go from there. With the right type of medical attention, you could be on your way to achieving the the future that you desire. If you would like to speak with a specialist from the Center of Reproductive Medicine, contact one of our Texas fertility clinic locations today.

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    Topics: Infertility, Abortion

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